Studying abroad in Germany is a great opportunity not only for Europeans, but also for students all over the world. They can benefit from a high quality education system, learn a new language and gain the experience of this interesting country.
Why study in Germany?
German universities offer a wide network with universities around the world. Every year thousands of students have the opportunity to go abroad and spend some time in another country, to study and live. It should be similar for foreign students. For this reason, German universities and technical colleges are trying to provide sufficient university places for foreign students and are making efforts to help them by answering their questions regarding time abroad.
Visa and entry requirements
To obtain a visa, and later, the residence permit, the person needs certain documents.
For the visa, it is necessary to show medical insurance in Germany and proof of funding. The German embassy or consulate can guide what else is needed e.g. German knowledge, confirmation of university in Germany, etc.
For the residence permit, confirmation from the registrar, medical insurance, certificate of identity, registration and visa is required. It is also important to know that the residence permit is temporary and lasts only two years. For a period of more than 2 years, the permit must be extended.
All of these formalities are quite confusing and can also take a long time until all documents are applied and confirmed. Therefore, it is really important to get the information on time. Especially for those who study all the time in Germany and organize their stay themselves. When you do a semester abroad, the home university offers a lot of help, but it’s also a good idea to start planning as early as possible.
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German education system
The German education system is subject to continuous changes and reforms. The main points in recent years have been the reorganization of the Gymnasium. The nine-year education was transformed into an eight-year education to obtain the Abitur. In addition, the school system has changed due to the Bologna reform. The diplomas obtained are now called Baccalaureate and Maitrise.
Studying in Germany requires the Abitur Graduate Diploma or advanced college entry technical qualification. Foreign students must show a similar graduate degree. Until now, it has not been possible to build a central organization for the application and allocation of places at the university. Because of this, applications still need to be sent to each cutting edge university or technical college.
Admission requirements are also defined by universities. Therefore, they may be different for the same subjects in different universities. In Germany, there are three different types of advanced colleges or universities. Advanced arts, film or music colleges offer hands-on instruction in the arts. The advanced technical colleges, however, cover scientific and social subjects. They highlight practical experiences in their education. The third category is what we call university. They offer all kinds of subjects. Practical experience is an important point too, but universities have a particular reputation for their solid theoretical training.
Another distinction can be made between public and private universities. Public universities are government funded and charge little money for tuition fees or amounts. Private universities, on the other hand, are funded by fees paid by students and these can be very expensive. In Germany there are many more public universities than private ones. German law says that education should be available to everyone and everyone should be able to get adequate education. As a result, in some areas of education, fees have been eliminated or minimized in other areas. In addition, there are many ways to get government help, for example Bafög money.